Concrete block

concrete box are a low-cost ideal material for building look at structures.  turkey box can be used for basement walls foundation walls or an entire new building they provide more strength and durability than brick, due to their size they are also more efficient to lay.  One standard block provides the same volume of 12 traditional brick. cinder blocks typically measure 8 by 8 by 16 inches, this is modular size that it means it allows for an extra eighth on an  inch mortar joint to complete the true 8 by 8 by 16 inches. cinder blocks are available in a variety of sizes ranging from 4 to 16 inches thick. in addition to a variety of sizes they also come in a vast range of colors and textures.

Crner or jam block,  have a flat surface at the end and no ear on the concrete block these are laid on the corner of the wall to give a smooth finish. your typical concrete block has ears on it to adhere the mortar to. typically when a wall is being built over eight feet it is filled with concrete and steel rebar, building codes may vary on this in areas where they have larger seismic activity  high winds or other adverse conditions.

to determine the number of parts you need for your structure multiply the length of the wall in feet by the height of the wall.  this will give you a square foot1 block is approximately one square foot of surface area on the wall